Summer Anticyclonic Eddies Carrying Kuroshio Waters Observed by a Large CPIES Array West of the Luzon Strait
Ruixiang Zhao, Xiao-Hua Zhu, Chuanzheng Zhang, Hua Zheng, Ze-Nan Zhu, Qiang Ren, Yansong Liu, Feng Nan, and Fei Yu
Published in Journal of Physical Oceanography, Jan. 2023
The Kuroshio intrusion into the South China Sea (SCS) in summer is weak and has rarely been reported by in situ observations. Here, we describe a new form of Kuroshio water intrusion that is strongest during the summer, the North Luzon Warm Eddy (NLWE), which is an anticyclonic eddy originating north of Luzon Island. From early July to mid-September 2018, two NLWEs moving northwestward were captured by a mooring array consisting of 27 current- and pressure-recording inverted echo sounders (CPIESs). The three-dimensional CPIES estimates reveal that the NLWEs carried large amounts of saline Kuroshio waters (S > 34.7 psu) in the subsurface, which was also evidenced by Argo float profiles. The Kuroshio intrusion was confined to waters shallower than the 14.8°C isotherm. Historical data for NLWEs suggest that they occur mostly during the summer but are absent between November and March, which is attributed to seasonal wind stress curl (WSC). However, because the seasonal signal of WSC during summer is small, intraseasonal WSC is directly responsible for the generation of NLWEs.
Zhao, R., and Coauthors, 2023: Summer Anticyclonic Eddies Carrying Kuroshio Waters Observed by a Large CPIES Array West of the Luzon Strait. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 53, 341–359, https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-22-0019.1.